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Spodumene is a pyroxene mineral that is typically found in lithium-rich pegmatites. It is usually associated with other lithium minerals such as lepidolite, eucryptite, and petalite. Spodumene has a chemical composition of LiAlSi2O6 but small amounts of sodium sometimes substitute for lithium. Throughout most of the 20th century, spodumene was the most important ore of lithium metal. Lithium brines discovered in South America and other locations have become a more important source of lithium metal. Spodumene is also used as a gemstone, and in that use the colour variety names of the mineral are used. Pink to purple spodumene is known as kunzite, green spodumene is known as hiddenite, and yellow spodumene is known as triphane. The perfect cleavage of spodumene makes it a fragile gem for use in rings and any jewellery that might be exposed to abrasion and impact. It is considered a “collector gem” by some gemmologists - "".

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